How living kidney donation can affect pregnancy
If I donate a kidney, what will happen if I get pregnant?
Donating a kidney doesn’t change your ability to get pregnant.
Donating a kidney may make you more likely to have problems during pregnancy than women who haven’t donated a kidney, but most women who get pregnant after donating have no problems with their pregnancy. The most common problem is preeclampsia, which is a type of high blood pressure during pregnancy. 12% of donors had preeclampsia in a later pregnancy in one study.
Doctors need more research to better understand how kidney donation affects pregnancy and giving birth.
What should I do if I may want to donate and become pregnant?
It may be best to donate before becoming pregnant, but it is possible to donate after having a baby.
Here are a few recommendations:
- Before you donate, talk to your doctor about your plans to donate a kidney and have a baby so they can help you understand your chance of health problems
- After you donate:
- Get regular check-ups with your doctors
- Don’t smoke
- Exercise and eat healthy foods so you stay at a healthy weight
- Wait until you are completely healed before you get pregnant. Your doctors can tell you how long you need to wait.
Note: The recommendations in these chapters are the opinions of the Living Donor Community of Practice of AST. They are not meant to be prescriptive and opinions by other groups or institutions may be equally valid.